Barrett’s Esophagus is a condition in which the lining of the esophagus is replaced by lining similar to that of your intestine. This results from an irritation in the lining of the esophagus, caused by chronic reflux – or the moving backward – of contents from the stomach and small intestine into the esophagus. This irritation is what causes the lining of the esophagus to change into lining similar to the lining of the intestine and stomach.
Treatment for Barrett’s esophagus depends on the extent of the abnormal cell growth in your esophagus. Your doctor will most likely recommend periodic endoscopy to monitor the cells in your esophagus or treatment for GERD, which may include medication or lifestyle changes. If biopsies from endoscopy show low- or high-grade dysplasia, more aggressive treatments may be recommended including endoscopic resection, radiofrequency ablation, cryotherapy, and other surgeries.