Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that occurs in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine.
It is estimated to affect 1 in 100 people worldwide. Two and one-half million Americans are undiagnosed and are at risk for long-term health complications. Although lab work (antibody testing) can help identify celiac disease, an upper endoscopy (EGD) with a biopsy of the small intestines is an essential part of the diagnosis.
There are currently no medications or surgical options that treat celiac disease. Most doctors will recommend a completely gluten-free diet.