The esophagus serves to transport food from the mouth to the stomach. Synchronized contractions follow each swallow to accomplish this task. Between swallows, the esophagus usually does not contract.
A few examples of esophagus disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), dysphagia, achalasia, and functional chest pain.
While specific treatment can vary for different esophagus disorders, many providers will recommend dietary and lifestyle changes as a way to combat these conditions. Surgery is required in rare situations.