The esophagus serves to transport food from the mouth to the stomach. Synchronized contractions follow each swallow to accomplish this task. Between swallows, the esophagus usually does not contract. Problems can arise from issues with the motion of the esophagus (motility) or with structural issues with the esophagus (strictures or growths).
A few examples of esophagus disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), dysphagia, achalasia, and functional chest pain.
While specific treatment can vary for different esophagus disorders, many providers will recommend dietary and lifestyle changes as a way to combat these conditions. Medications are often involved in the treatment as well.