A swallowing disorder is characterized by someone having difficulty or pain when swallowing. Some people are not able to swallow at all, while others have trouble swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. This can be caused by nervous system disorders, a stroke, a spinal cord injury or cancer of the head, neck, or esophagus.
Treatment options for swallowing disorders typically vary depending on the severity of the condition. For high dysphagia, surgery is not needed and a doctor may recommend swallowing therapy, a change in your diet, or eating through a tube.