During a colonoscopy exam, a long tubular device with a camera attached to it (colonoscope) is inserted into the rectum, allowing your doctor to obtain a more complete evaluation of the inside of the colon.
A colonoscopy exam is used to detect any irregularities in the colon and rectum or investigate any symptoms or concerns of the patient. The exam also acts as a cancer screening; men above the age of 50 are typically recommended to receive a colonoscopy every 10 years.
During a fecal transplant, a doctor transplants feces from a healthy donor into another person to restore the balance of bacteria in their gut. In most procedures, a doctor will transplant the donor feces to the recipient through a colonoscope, which is a small flexible tube that is inserted into the colon through the rectum.
A fecal transplant from a healthy donor encourages the recipient’s body to grow healthful bacteria, which can cure some infections and reduce the severity of certain gut health conditions. As your gut is home to millions of bacteria, an imbalance can cause symptoms like diarrhea and other intestinal problems.
A polypectomy is a procedure in which polyps, abnormal tissue growths, are removed from the inside of the colon and large intestine. The surgery is noninvasive for the most part, and is typically performed during a colonoscopy.
When left untreated, polyps in the large intestine can cause bleeding in the rectal area, abnormalities in bowel movements, and abdominal pain. Conducting a polypectomy can prevent these symptoms.
In a biopsy, a piece of tissue or bodily fluid is sampled from an area of the body for closer examination. Biopsies are usually conducted when a doctor is led to believe that there may be an abnormality around the area in question.
Typically, biopsies are most helpful for detecting digestive cancers. However, a biopsy is useful for obtaining information from many other areas of concern other than just the surface of the skin. After conducting a biopsy, a problem can be easier to diagnose and an accurate treatment plan can be put into place going forward.