Pilonidal surgery is required when a pilonidal cyst develops into an abscess. The procedure is conducted by first draining the pus from the affected area, clearing any other hair or debris, after applying a numbing anesthetic. The wound is then thoroughly cleaned and bandaged to ensure a smooth healing process.
The pilonidal surgery helps to alleviate and treat the symptoms that accompany a pilonidal abscess. Such symptoms include swollen lumps, redness, tenderness, bleeding, and discharge.